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lpeg.V

Summary

Creates a non-terminal variable for a grammar

Prototype

lpeg.V (v)


Description

This operation creates a non-terminal (a variable) for a grammar. The created non-terminal refers to the rule indexed by v in the enclosing grammar.

The call lpeg.V(v) creates a pattern that represents the nonterminal (or variable) with index v in a grammar. Because the grammar still does not exist when this function is evaluated, the result is an open reference to the respective rule.

A table is *fixed* when it is converted to a pattern (either by calling lpeg.P or by using it wherein a pattern is expected). Then every open reference created by lpeg.V(v) is corrected to refer to the rule indexed by v in the table.

For example:

-- Grammar
local Exp, Term, Factor = lpeg.V"Exp", lpeg.V"Term", lpeg.V"Factor"
G = lpeg.P{ Exp,
Exp = lpeg.Ct(Factor * (FactorOp * Factor)^0);
Factor = lpeg.Ct(Term * (TermOp * Term)^0);
Term = Number + Open * Exp * Close;
}


See Also ...

Lua functions

lpeg.B - Matches patt n characters behind the current position, consuming no input
lpeg.C - Creates a simple capture
lpeg.Carg - Creates an argument capture
lpeg.Cb - Creates a back capture
lpeg.Cc - Creates a constant capture
lpeg.Cf - Creates a fold capture
lpeg.Cg - Creates a group capture
lpeg.Cmt - Creates a match-time capture
lpeg.Cp - Creates a position capture
lpeg.Cs - Creates a substitution capture
lpeg.Ct - Creates a table capture
lpeg.locale - Returns a table of patterns matching the current locale
lpeg.match - Matches a pattern against a string
lpeg.P - Converts a value into a pattern
lpeg.print - Outputs debugging information to stdout
lpeg.R - Returns a pattern that matches a range of characters
lpeg.S - Returns a pattern that matches a set of characters
lpeg.setmaxstack - Sets the maximum size for the backtrack stack
lpeg.type - Tests if a value is a pattern
lpeg.version - Returns the LPeg version

Topics

Lua bc (big number) functions
Lua bit manipulation functions
Lua LPEG library
Lua package functions
Lua PCRE regular expression functions
Lua script extensions
Lua string functions
Lua syntax
Lua table functions
Lua utilities
Regular Expressions
Scripting
Scripting callbacks - plugins

(Help topic: lua=lpeg.V)

Documentation contents page


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